Morphological characterization and ethnomedicinal importance of an underutilized legume plant Canavalia gladiata (Jacq.) D.C. from north eastern Terai region of Uttar Pradesh.
Mrinalini Pal and V. N. Pandey*
Canavalia gladiata is an underutilized legume plant with various ethnomedicinal and therapeutic properties. The present paper deals with morphological characterization and ethnobiology of C. gladiata which reveals the utilization of plant and its relationship with its environment. The phenological events such as germination, vegetative growth, floral bud initiation and fruiting were carefully recorded. The species is rich in different types of secondary metabolites and bioactive metabolites reflecting its efficacy in adaptive and defensive strategies. The finding of present work is likely to provide a database for sustainable cultivation of plant and to bioprospect as food, fooder, medicine and an industrial crop.