E-ISSN No: 2455 - 7218

P-ISSN No: 0019 - 4468

Listed in UGC Care

Species composition, diversity and distribution of woody species in a tropical dry deciduous Forest of Jalaun district, Uttar Pradesh, India

Ajay Kumar* and R. K. Verma

Tropical dry deciduous forests serve as essential to managing ecological biogeochemical processes. The present study evaluates the phytosociological traits of the Lohai Forest, that located in the Jalaun district of the Bundelkhand region of Uttar Pradesh. A total of 55 woody species from 29 families were identified throughout the forest, with values for total density, total basal area, diversity (H’), and concentration of dominance (Cd) ranging from 2090 individuals ha-1 to 55.19 m2 ha-1 to 3.23 and 0.08, respectively. In accordance to the IVI, Prosopis juliflora was the dominating species, although in the Lohai Forest, Balanites aegyptiaca, Capparis decidua, Acacia leucophloea, and Flacourtia indica were also recorded as co-dominant woody species. The prevalence of massive grazing by livestock, human interruptions and increasingly frequent drought associated with changing climates were found at the study site, all of which are the primary causes for the degradation of this already scattered forest community.

Keywords Diversity, Distribution pattern, Jalaun district, Woody species.