PRELIMINARY PHYTOCHEMICAL INVESTIGATION AND PHARMACOGNOSTIC STUDY OF SEEDS OF BUCHANANIA LANZAN SPRENG
1MANOJ KUMAR TRIPATHI1, ALOK KUMAR2, MAYUR
CHANDRANSHU MISHRA3, AND RAVINDRA SINGH4
1Arogyadham ( J.R.D. Tata Foundation for Research in Ayurveda & Yoga Sciences),
Deendayal Research Institute, Chitrakoot, Dist Satna (M.P.)- 485 334
2,3,4Mahatma Gandhi Chitrakoot Gramodaya, Vishwavidyala, Chitrakoot, Satna (M.P.)
Buchanania lanzan Spreng. Family-Anacardiaceae seeds are reported to have great medicinal value. It is known as priyal and used in ayurveda and the unani system of medicine. Priyala seed is commercially known as Chironji. All parts of the plant are used for the treatment of various disorders. The present communication provides a detailed account of the pharmacognostic evaluation carried out on Priyala seeds. The study includes macro and microscopic characters, preliminary phytochemical analysis, fluorescence study, physicochemical parameters and High Performance Thin Layer Chromatography (HPTLC) fingerprinting aspects. Established parameters can be used as standards for quality control and identification of the plants in compound formulations and also preparation of a monograph of the plant.
Keywords: Buchanania lanzan, HPTLC fingerprinting, Phyto-chemical investigation, Pharmacognostic evaluation, Powder microscopy[Download]