DIVERSITY AND DISTRIBUTION OF AGARICACEAE IN WESTERN PART OF INDIA WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO GUJARAT STATE
AJIT M. VASAVA, RINA D. KOYANI, RAVI S. PATEL AND KISHORE S. RAJPUT*
Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara 290002, India. *Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Studies on lower groups have always been neglected in Gujarat; therefore, distribution and diversity of Agaricaceae in Gujarat state is investigated for the first time. Gujarat is known for its varying climates starting from moist deciduous forest (south Gujarat, a part of Western Ghat) to pure desert conditions (Great Rann of Kuchh). In spite of this, taxonomic exploration was carried out for the first time. The present study we reports 46 species from which four species are reported previously while rest of the 38 species are documented for the first time for the state. Highest numbers of species (39) are found in Agaricus while Macrolepiota, Cystoagaricus and Podaxis have single species each. Maximum diversity is observed in the districts like Dangs, Ahawa, Navsari, Narmada, Junagadh and Chhotaudepur while minimal diversity is observed in Rajkot, Kutchh and North Gujarat (Palanpur, Banaskantha, Sabarkantha). Among them Agaricus bisporus, A. blazei, A. campestris, Chlorophyllum molybdites, Coprinellus micaceus, Cystoagaricus trisulphuratus, Leucoagaricus rubrotinctus, Leucocoprinus brebissonii, Podaxis pistillaris are common while Macrolepiota procera is collected only from one locality. We expect much more species in Agaricaceae than reported in the present study and we suggest further studies to understand the diversity of Agaricaeae in the state.
Key words: Agaricus, Chlorophyllum, Coprinus , Coprinellus, Leucoagaricus, Leucocoprinus, Macrofungus , Mushroom, Podaxis[Download]